Location: Northern and Western Hemispheres, northern North America, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean and North Pacific Ocean, north of the conterminous US.
Coordinates: 60°00′N, 95°00′W
Borders: 5,526 mi (8,893 km) / United States: conterminous, 3,987 mi (6,416 km); Alaska, 1,539 mi (2,477 km)
Coastline: 151,485 mi (243,791 km)
Territorial Seas: 12 NM
Highest Point: Mount Logan, 19,551 ft (5,959 m)
Lowest Point: Sea level
Longest Distances: 3,223 mi (5,187 km) E-W; 2,875 mi (4,627 km) N-S
Longest River: Mackenzie River, 2,635 mi (4,290 km)
Largest Lake: Lake Superior, 31,802 sq mi (82,367 sq km)
Population: 31,592,805 (July 2001 est.)
Capital City: Ottawa, located in the southeast on the Ottawa River
Largest City: Toronto, located on the northern shore of Lake Ontario.
Canada occupies the entire North American continent north of the United States, except Alaska and the small French islands of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon. Most striking geographical feature of Canada is its immense size. It 's the largest country in Western Europe Hemisphere and the second largest in the world, next to Russia. Dimensions Canada is about the same as that of the continent Europe. Canada also includes the Canadian continental margin, including Hudson Bay, the Gulf of St. Lawrence, the Strait of the Pacific coast, and the channels the Arctic archipelago. Longitudinal extent of Canada that requires six time zones.
Topographically, Canada is divided into Atlantic provinces, the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Lowlands, the Canadian Shield, the interior plains, the Western Cordillera, and the Northwest Territories, which is a political rather than a geographical term. The Territories cover region east of the Western Cordillera and Northern Interior plains and the Canadian Shield. Within this large area there are two distinct sub-regions: the sub-Arctic Mackenzie River Valley to the west, and the area of ??the Arctic the islands and the center-north of the continent.
The Canadian Shield is surrounded by a series of plains: the Atlantic region and the Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Lowlands to the east, the plains inside the west, and north arctic plains. The Atlantic provinces have robust, rugged coastline. The Great Lakes-St. Lawrence Lowlands form the heart of population of the country. This region has the largest area of ground level easily reached by water from the east. Canada is in North America tectonic Plate.
The mountainous region is the main Western Cordillera or Cordillera mountain system is the western portion of Canada. The Cordillera.
A second system is located along the major mountain north-east coast of Ellesmere Island down through the Torngat Mountains of Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador and Labrador. A third and less significant the Appalachian chain, which runs through parts of easter Canada. The highest point in Quebec is Mont D'Iberville to 5,420 feet (1,652 m).
Canada has 31,752 lakes, more than a third of them are in the northern half of the country in the north-west Territories and Nunavut. To the east, Quebec has more more than 8,000 lakes and nearly 4,000 Ontario, while in west British Columbia has only about 800. Fully 7.6 percent of the total area of ??Canada is covered by lakes and rivers water surface, making the source of 90 percent of fresh water.
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