Area: 2,228 sq mi (5,770 sq km)
Location: Northern and Eastern Hemispheres, in the northwest of the island of Borneo, in Southeast Asia
Coordinates: 4°30′N, 114°40′E
Borders: 237 mi (381 km)
Coastline: 100 mi (160 km)
Territorial Seas: 12 NM
Highest Point: Mt. Pagon, 6,070 ft (1,850 m)
Lowest Point: Sea level
Longest River: Belait River, 130 mi (209 km)
Largest Lake: Tasek Merimbun, 0.4 sq mi (1.2 sq km)
Natural Hazards: Earthquakes and typhoons (rare)
Population: 343,653 (2001 est.)
Capital City: Bandar Seri Begawan, located in the north along an inlet of the Brunei River
Largest City: Bandar Seri Begawan (75,000, 2001 est.)
The small country of Brunei is an enclave on northern coast of the island of Borneo, which it shares with the Malaysian state of Sarawak, and Indonesia. The country is made up of several segments eastern and western separated from Malaysia Limbang river valley, but connected by the waters of Brunei Bay. The soil in both the eastern segment (the Temburong District) and the more populated western segment consists of coastal gradually hills and plains crossed by rivers north towards the sea.
Brunei has 33 islands, of which 1.4 per cent of its land area. Two islands are located in the South China Sea. the others are river islands, or as Pulau Muara Besar, are Brunei Bay. The islands are important wildlife habitat for species including monkeys proboscis, and are mostly uninhabited by humans, although there is a little 'free time use. Brunei has established a fishing zone in a area of ??Spratly Islands (which are disputed by the Philippines, Malaysia, China, Taiwan and Vietnam), but has not made a formal request to the Spratly Islands.
To the west of Brunei, less than 295 ft hills (90 m) climb to a cliff and the highest hills approaching the border Sarawak. The highest peak of Brunei, the Mt. Pagon (6,070 ft / 1850 m) is located in this region. Brunei Eastern sector is also covered by low hills, they earn height near the border with Sarawak.
Brunei is economically dependent on large hydrocarbon reserves along the coast, oil producers, natural gas, and liquefied natural gas. These oil deposits should be depleted by the second or third decade of the twenty-first century. Agriculture is a small part of the economic Brunei (plus the food is imported) and there is a king ter o significant ECONOMIC resources. Brunei's forests were protected from economic exploitation, but they are a resource for scientific studies and eco-tourism.
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